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 Post subject: 'Fractal Relief' Images
PostPosted: Thu Jan 08, 2015 2:21 pm  (#1) 
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After posting some images on this subject I was asked to make a tutorial (my first!). So here it is.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This is an extended tutorial based on a ‘starter tutorial’ in the Gimp Chat Dream multifrac views thread by Fran6, whereby users are invited to create and “view fractals as a relief map”. It was this particular thread that introduced me to what I now call ‘fractal relief’ images. I enjoyed them so much that I pursued them with a variety of GIMP options and I thank Fran6 for that.

NOTE 1: The ‘GMIC fractalize’ filter comes with a note that it utilises multiple random values to generate the fractal impression of the original image against which it is run. Therefore every time it is run there will be a different result. Please allow for this factor when comparing your results to those in this tutorial; whilst artistic content is important, the key element here is the process work flow.

NOTE 2: The ‘GMIC fractalize’ filter can be processed against any image to produce an outstanding effect. For the purposes of this ‘fractal relief’ tutorial and its desired outcomes, only typical GIMP gradient blends and line art images are used. However, the work flow described below for tutorial 1 can be applied against any image.

NOTE 3: This PDF tutorial comes in a zip file (below) that also contains:
1.The line art image used in the tutorial - but of course you can use your own preferred items.

NOTE 4: This tutorial has two separate parts being:
1.This tutorial - Fractal relief images made using typical GIMP gradient blends - simple.
2.A second tutorial post, Sculpture Framed Fractal relief images that contain foreground objects and a sculptured background ‘frame’, each separately actioned with GIMP gradient blends, fractalised and merged to produce the final image - still simple but more fiddly!!

In each case some additional suggestions are proposed that may add to or improve the outcome result to meet your personal preferences, particularly in respect of colour, saturation and brightness. Having completed these tutorials it is highly recommended that you try out different options and settings to those defined in the tutorial. That is exactly what I did in the first place!

As a result of completing this tutorial, you will be able to produce something similar to the images below but please remember results will be different every time!
Image

Tutorial 1 - fractal relief image from a GIMP gradient blend
Step 1:
1.Open a new image 800 x 800 pixels
2.Create a new transparent layer
3.Select the new layer
4.Select the blend tool
5.Select a Gradient - preferably one with multiple vertical colours
6.Select a Shape - Radial (yes you can use other blend shapes too!)
7.Position cursor at 400 x 400 pixels and draw horizontally across and just past the edge of the canvas after which you should now have something like this -
Image
Step 2:
8.Rename ‘Layer’ to ‘frac’ - (for fractal)
9.Duplicate the ‘frac’ layer
10.Re-name the duplicated lay as ‘blend’ and re-position it below the ‘background’ layer - we may need it later!
11.Ensure the selected layer is now the ‘frac’ layer
12.Select Filters>GMIC - a new GMIC window opens - select >Artistic>Fractalize
13.Click ‘OK’ - the GMIC window will close as processing continues on the image - at the end of which you should have something like this -
Image
Step 3:
14.Select ‘frac’ layer and duplicate it
15.Rename this new layer from ‘frac copy #1’ to ‘desat’ for desaturated
16.Ensure layer ‘desat’ is selected
17.Select Gimp menu item Colours>Desaturate to open the Desaturate window**
18.In the Desaturate window select the ‘luminosity’ option as shown below
Image

19.Click ‘OK’ to apply the effect and close this window - this creates your bump map after which you should have something like this -
Image
Step 4:
20.Ensure the ‘frac’ layer is selected
21.Select Gimp menu item Filters>Map>Bump Map to open the Bump Map window as below -
Image
22.Select the layer ‘desat’ from the Bump map selection drop down
23.Select ‘Sinusoidal’ from the’ Map type’ selection drop down
24.Select ‘55’ on the ‘Elevation’ slider
25.Select ‘33’ on the ‘Depth’ slider - try other depths for effect in the preview pane
26.Click ‘OK’ to apply the bump map and close the window
27.Click the ‘eye’ symbol on the ‘desat’ layer to hide it and reveal the now bumped ‘frac’ layer, which should look something like this -
Image
Step 5:
28.Select the ‘frac’ layer and duplicate it
29.Rename this ‘frac copy #1’ layer as ‘smooth’
30.Select Gimp menu item Filters>GMIC>Artistic>Dream smoothing to open that window as below
Image

31.Click ‘OK’ to apply the smoothing effect and close the GMIC window - note that it may take a few seconds for this smoothing action to complete. You should now have something like this -
Image

32.With the ‘smooth’ layer selected change the blend mode to Multiply (or say Darken only or Overlay depending on your personal preferences) and you should now have something that looks like this -
Image

You have now completed the basic tutorial and should have a ‘fractal relief’ image looking something like this (although with a different pattern and colours!)

Step 6: (Additional tweaks - optional)
Typically though, to suit my preferences, I like to embellish or brighten this final image with a tweak or two which can include one or more of the following simple but quick tweak types:

Make the ‘desat’ layer visible, change its mode to Overlay or Grain merge or Multiply to suit -
Image

Or relocate the original blend layer above the ‘smooth’ layer and change its mode to suit
Image

Or place a black, white or other coloured layer, even with quick ‘cut outs’ above the fractal images and change their mode to Overlay (or other) to act as a colour filter
Image

Or use the original radial blend layer to Bump Map the fractal relief image; the image below had visible layers merged then was re-bumped 5 times
Image

My current favourite tweak is to place another (line art) object on top of a suitable fractal relief image. You can apply the line art by itself or use the same technique as above for this line art object, that is:

Open the selected line art image as a layer above the fractal relief; apply a a linear blend, then a fractal effect to the image (my favourite lion!)
Image

Possibly bump map the fractalised image; then maybe even apply a GMIC>Samj> Couleurs metalliques or Texture 001, then apply a suitable blend mode to achieve the desired final effect.

There are of course also many other tweaking options in the GIMP Colors, Layer Effects and Filters menus.

So please experiment and enjoy GIMP!!


Attachments:
File comment: Zip file for PDF download
OMG tutorial.zip [3.04 MiB]
Downloaded 139 times

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 Post subject: Re: 'Fractal Relief' Images
PostPosted: Thu Jan 08, 2015 2:58 pm  (#2) 
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Thank you for the tutorial oldmangrumpy.

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 Post subject: Re: 'Fractal Relief' Images
PostPosted: Thu Jan 08, 2015 5:03 pm  (#3) 
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Thank you, you did it! :jumpclap :tyspin

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 Post subject: Re: 'Fractal Relief' Images
PostPosted: Fri Jan 09, 2015 3:45 am  (#4) 
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My first try. Not quite satisfied about the lion, though.
I’m working on it.

Thank you for the tut, oldmangrumpy :tyspin


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 Post subject: Re: 'Fractal Relief' Images
PostPosted: Fri Jan 09, 2015 4:23 am  (#5) 
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Thank you OMG, You explained the tut in detail and I didn't have any problem. :hi5 :bigthup
Here my first attempt. :)


Attachments:
ThanksOMG-Fractal.JPG
ThanksOMG-Fractal.JPG [ 563.27 KiB | Viewed 2440 times ]

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 Post subject: Re: 'Fractal Relief' Images
PostPosted: Sat Apr 15, 2017 9:24 pm  (#6) 
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That was fun! I love playing with layer blend modes and this tutorial was very well detailed!

Attachment:
Fractal Relief.png
Fractal Relief.png [ 1.5 MiB | Viewed 913 times ]

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 Post subject: Re: 'Fractal Relief' Images
PostPosted: Sun Apr 16, 2017 2:58 am  (#7) 
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Photomaster - well thank you; I had forgotten about this old set of tutorials.

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 Post subject: Re: 'Fractal Relief' Images
PostPosted: Mon Apr 17, 2017 4:04 am  (#8) 
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Amazing results with your tutorial OMG! Thank you for this very detailled process. :coolthup
@Photomaster this is a nice one. Take a look at this : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6XlMTHVGhRA
Your characters could be some shadoks from the planet Shadok. In the story the planet can change in many forms so why not as fractals ? :lol

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 Post subject: Re: 'Fractal Relief' Images
PostPosted: Tue Jun 27, 2017 7:08 pm  (#9) 
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Just love the color combinations that you get with this tutorial!
Attachment:
OMG Fractal Relief 1 Tut.jpg
OMG Fractal Relief 1 Tut.jpg [ 891.2 KiB | Viewed 529 times ]


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